Structural change in regional employment in the U.K. 1965-1985

by D. P. B. Elias

Publisher: Universityof Warwick. Manpower Research Group in Coventry

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 893
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Edition Notes

StatementPeter Elias and G.T. Keogh.
SeriesDiscussion papers -- No.6.
ContributionsKeogh, G. T.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19801684M

In the U.S., for instance, structural flexibility contributed to economic recovery and helped the country adapt to long-term technological changes and global market forces. In Europe, by contrast, structural change faces resistance. Fiscal stimulus in Europe may still be justified, but structural rigidity will lower its impact on long-term growth. A development economist, his main research focus in recent years has been the interconnections between structural change, employment, human capital, and economic inequality. His work emphasizes the interplay between institutions and structural forces in driving human development and conditioning the outcomes of policy interventions. Local Level Structural Change and E Government in Germany: /ch This chapter addresses the link between e-government, organizational networks related to it, and the possibilities for structural reform of local-level public. involves structural changes that result in the rise and fall of industries, the birth (and the decline) of multinationals in various industries needs to be examined in terms of such a structural context. There is, however, little such growth-based theory of multinationals

In March and April, COVID swept through meatpacking plants, infecting thousands of workers. In Colorado, an outbreak at a huge JBS beef processing facility killed six workers. In South Dakota, as cases surged in a Smithfield pork plant, officials offered bonuses to employees who kept coming to work (although the company said any worker missing work due to COVID exposure or diagnosis. Structural change in (ed.), The Service Revolution in South Asia. Oxford, U.K.: the travel and tourism industry will continue to be an important source of jobs for the region. Taking into.   A coalition of more than 30 chief executive officers from companies including Merck MRK % & Co., International Business Machines Corp. and Nike Inc. NKE % are . TY - CHAP. T1 - Structural change. AU - Matsuyama, Kiminori. PY - Y1 - N2 - Structural change is a complex, intertwined phenomenon, not only because economic growth brings about complementary changes in various aspects of the economy, such as the sector compositions of output and employment and the organization of industry, but also because these changes in turn affect the .

Political system - Political system - Development and change in political systems: Students of political systems grapple with a subject matter that is today in constant flux. They must deal not only with the major processes of growth, decay, and breakdown but also with a ceaseless ferment of adaptation and adjustment. The magnitude and variety of the changes that occurred in the world’s. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, ), pp. Invited lecture in public lecture series. "Structural Changes: Regional and Urban," in The Cambridge Economic History of the United States, vol. 3, The Twentieth Century, eds. Stanley L. Engerman and Robert E. Gallman (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ), pp. In , I published Inclusive Growth, Full Employment and Structural Change. Implications and Policies for Developing Asia (Anthem Press, ). And I have also co-authored and co-edited a book entitled Labor Markets in Asia: Issues and Perspectives (Palgrave Macmillan, ). Bristow, J - HOUSTON - Bristow Group Inc. today announced structural and leadership changes to create a strategically realigned and profitable company in an unprecedented downturn. In this downturn, Bristow’s clients are focused on safety and increasingly, regional .

Structural change in regional employment in the U.K. 1965-1985 by D. P. B. Elias Download PDF EPUB FB2

While structural change and regional differences in the pattern of employment specialization are widely perceived to be significant factors in accounting for disparities in the labour market performance of regions in the United Kingdom, there have been relatively few recent attempts to gather detailed evidence on this issue.

The current study aims to fill this gap by examining the effects Cited by: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes:" based on an inter-government Conference, held on 6th-8th February on the topic of Employment Growth in the Context of Structural Change"--Page 3.

Description: pages: illustrations. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): analyze employment dynamics among persons with and without disabilities. Prior research by the investigators is consistent with the hypothesis that persons with disabilities will experience changes in the share of jobs in specific occupations and industries to a greater degree than persons without disabilities and.

Blien, Uwe & Sanner, Helge, "Structural change and regional employment dynamics," IAB Discussion PaperInstitut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

"Structural change and regional employment dynamics," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 82, Universität Potsdam, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät. Helge Sanner & Uwe Blien, "Structural Change and Regional Employment Dynamics," ERSA conference Structural change in regional employment in the U.K.

1965-1985 book ersa06p, European Regional Science by:   This book examines long-term structural changes and the broad impact on economic development in regional comparative perspectives.

The book analyzes data across Africa, Asia and Latin America. It looks at key variables of productivity growth, industrialization, poverty, urbanization, and employment. ‘Structural Change in Regional Employment in the UK, –’.

Manpower Research Group Discussion Paper no. Coventry: University of Warwick. (mimeographed) Google. Structural Change Individual Difference Global Change Government Program Regional Institution These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Structural Change, Sectoral and Regional Shifts in Innovation, Productivity and Employment: Literature Review Mariya Mitkovay May 4, The following paper surveys the economic literature on employment shifts between different sector, the evolution of.

Changes in composition of employment and production are important part of process of development. I Shift of employment and production from agriculture to manufacturing, and then from manufacturing to services.

Will focus on demand-side and supply-side reasons of structural change. Emphasize how structural changes can be reconciled with.

The regional outcome of these individual structural changes has been termed a "spatial division of labor" which largely separates high skill, high wage administrative and innovative jobs in different locational settings from low skill, low wage jobs in.

Concept note for the Global Consultation: Building the Post Development Agenda 1. Purpose of the consultation. The consultation aims to stimulate discussions amongst multi-stakeholder experts on issues relating to growth, structural change, productive capacities, and employment, as they relate to both the MDGs and any framework that may come after CiteScore: ℹ CiteScore: CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title.

CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g. ) to peer-reviewed documents (articles, reviews, conference papers, data papers and book chapters) published in the same four calendar years, divided by the number of.

The availability of new data banks and the specific nature of economic transition in new member states have suggested re-considering the role of structural change in shaping regional unemployment.

Economic structural change and urbanization. The relationship between industrialization and urbanization. In the mids there was a gradual but obvious change in the nature of the Malaysian economy, as was examined earlier.

Infor instance, the agricultural sector share in GDP was exceeded by the share of the manufacturing sector. We find that the real appreciations, supported by structural change, gross investment, union density, a low duration of unemployment, and high youth employment, [Show full abstract] exhibit a.

tural change serves as the point of departure. Some nations have specialised on markets with elastic demand and others on markets with inelastic demand. High, even dramatic consequences for unemployment might be the result.

Secondly the reductions and increases in employment in certain areas are themselves signs of structural change. First of all, the consideration of the sectoral structure of European countries (Fig.

1A–C), in the four different sub-periods, bears out the well-known process of tertiarisation. Download: Download full-size image Fig. shares: –, –, –, – convergence in regional employment evolutions (e.g.

Martin and Tyler, ), structural convergence and diversification in production are important forces which sustain employ-ment growth in the European regions.2 It is worth noticing that the positive effect of structural convergence upon employment.

Trade, Employment and Structural Change OECD Trade Policy Papers This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected trade policy studies prepared for use within the OECD. Structural Change: A structural change is an economic condition that occurs when an industry or market changes how it functions or operates.

A structural change. Job Outlook by Region; To recap, structural change is a major change within an organization that alters the way authority, capital, information and responsibility flow.

The most common change. Documents the evolution of employment, productivity, and technologies across sectors in Latin America and several benchmark countries between andto assess the role of structural change in explaining the persistent productivity gap between countries in Latin America and the Caribbean region (LAC) and high-income countries.

In economics, structural change is a shift or change in the basic ways a market or economy functions or operates. Such change can be caused by such factors as economic development, global shifts in capital and labor, changes in resource availability due to war or natural disaster or discovery or depletion of natural resources, or a change in political system.

Some of these are concerned with a particular dimension of structural change (e.g. regional or industrial or firm-size).

Other chapters discuss structural change in economic relationships which reflect the underlying changes in the economy - for example the rate of capital investment or the pace of technological change in different sectors. Entrepreneurs stimulate employment growth by generating new jobs when they enter the market.

Research has shown (after disentangling all the potential effects) that beyond this immediate effect there is a more complicated, S-shaped effect over time (figure 1) [4].

There is a direct employment effect from new businesses that arises from. Previous work tends to find positive associations of proxies for technical change and employment, but such studies suffer from various statistical drawbacks.

In this study, even when one controls for fixed effects, dynamics, and endogeneity, innovations have a positive and significant effect on employment, which persists over several years.

“Sectoral Shifts and Structural Change in the Japanese Economy: Evidence and Interpretation,” Japan and the World Economy, August “Currency Unions, Economic Fluctuations, and Adjustment: Some New Empirical Evidence,” (with Tamim Bayoumi) IMF Staff Papers, March The importance of creating non-agricultural income earning employment opportunities comes to the fore when one considers the reality of structural change in the Botswana economy.

Deliberate policy interventions to enhance the capability of the Small Medium and Micro Enterprises (SMME) sector will help spur self-employment opportunities in Botswana.

Publications “Global Value Chains and Inequality with Endogenous Labor Supply,” with E. Lee, Journal of International Economics, “How Much of South Korea’s Growth Miracle Can Be Explained by Trade Policy?” with M.

Connolly, American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, October7 (4), “Structural Change in an Open Economy,” with T. Uy and J. Zhang. Introduction.

Governments in Sub-Saharan Africa are under enormous pressure to create more and better jobs for the region’s young and rapidly growing population. 1 Africa is undergoing a ‘youth bulge’ in which the share of young people in the working age population is peaking due to past declines in mortality coupled with persistently high fertility (Canning, Raja, and Yazbeck ).Employment Growth: Cyclical Movements or Structural Change?

By Ellen Rissman The Federal Reserve, in its policy analysis, must carefully weigh incoming data and evaluate likely future outcomes before determining how best to obtain its twin goals of employment growing at. Regional reality check: A new Europe Sustainable Development Report shows that even the best performing countries are set to miss their .